COMMON MEDICINAL HERBS IMAGES BOTANICAL AND THEIR LOCAL NIGERIAN NAMES.

Medicinal herbs are plants that are used for medicinal purposes. Other types of herbs include culinary herbs ( used to flavour food), aromatic herbs ( used to add fragrance). Medicinal herbs cover a wide range of types of plants. They can be annual or perennials; woody or herbaceous; sun loving or shade requiring. The parts use for medicinal purposes may be their leaves, flowers, root, seeds or bark. Medicinal herbs have been in use by both plants and animals for many thousand years. Not surprisingly many medicinal plants have a rich folklore associated with them. This cultural history is an important part of many communities in Nigeria and many other countries. In addition to their cultural importance, many medicinal herbs are important economically. Due to Nigeria’s topographical advantage, many medicinal herbs survive naturally or can be cultivated for their economic and medicinal uses.

However, despite the wide research and scientific evidence in support of traditional claims of medicinal herbs by researchers worldwide, many of the herbs are still largely untapped. The reason been the problem of identification as the science journals which frequently publish the findings usually utilize the scientific names of the plants which is not familiar to many who does not understand such botanical jargons.

This post is aim to provide common and Nigerian names to medicinal herbs to ease the identification and possibly the utilization of these wonderful herbs. You are also free to share the names of plants in your local language using the comment box below. Let’s help someone identify the herbs! . Thanks.

 

 

 

Medicinal uses of pupalia lappacea and local Nigerian names
1.  Pupalia lappacea

Common names:  Forest burr, Creeping cock’s comb.

Nigerian names:        Emo-agbo ( Yoruba);  mama-agbo ( Bassa Nge);  Marin KASU ( Hausa);  ose ( Igbo).

Medicinal uses

 

Medicinal uses of pseudocedrela kotschyi and local Nigerian names
2.  Pseudocedrela kotschyi

Common names:  Dry-zone cedar, hard cedar-mahogany.

Nigerian names: Juna (Hausa); akodinrin (Yoruba).

 

Medicinal uses of psidium guajava and local Nigerian names
3. Psidium guajava

Common name:  guava

Nigerian names: guaba (Yoruba); goba ( Hausa); ugwoba ( Igbo).

 

Medicinal uses of ricinus communis and local Nigerian names
4.  Ricinus communis

Common name: Castor bean.

Nigerian names: Lara (Yoruba); ogili ugba (Igbo); eraogi (Edo); cika-gidaa (Hausa).

Medicinal uses of castor oil plant

 

Medicinal uses of piliostigma thonningii and local Nigerian names
5.  Piliostigma thonningii

Common names: Camel’s foot; monkey bread; wild bauhinia.

Nigerian names: Abafe (Yoruba); nyihar (Tiv); kalgo (Hausa); okpoatu ( Igbo); amukpakpa ( I gala).

 

Medicinal uses of physalis angulata and local Nigerian names
6.  Physalis angulata

Common names: angular winter cherry; balloon cherry; cutleaf groundcherry; gooseberry;  hogweed; wild tomato.

Nigerian names: koropo ( Yoruba); ogwu ari (Igbo); tsaada biri ( Hausa).

Medicinal uses of parkia biglobosa and local Nigerian names
7. Parkia biglobosa

Common names: African locust bean tree.

Nigerian names: dorowa (Hausa); igi iru ( Yoruba); ogiri (Igbo).

 

Calotropis procera medicinal uses and local Nigerian names
8. Calotropis procera

COMMON NAME: Giant milk weed

NIGERIAN NAMES:  Bomubomu (Yoruba), Tumfafiya (Hausa).

 

 

Medicinal uses of Heliotropum indicum and local Nigerian names
9. Heliotropium indicum

Family : Boraginaceae

COMMON NAME:  Indian heliotrope, beak of the vulture,

Nigerian names: agogo-igun or aparigun ( Yoruba), kalkashin kooraama(Hausa), Agukwu (Igbo).

 

Medicinal uses of Grewia mollis and local Nigerian names
10. Grewia mollis

Family: Malvaceae

Common name

Local Nigerian names: Origo (Yoruba), Dargaza (Hausa).

 

Medicinal uses and local Nigerian names of gomphrena celosioides
11. Gomphrena celosioides

Family: Amaranthaceae

Common name :Bachelor’s button,  Postrate globe amaranth

Local Nigerian names: Ipopo-ale (Yoruba)

 

12. Gloriosa superba

Family : Colchicaceae

Common Names: flame lily,  fire lily, glory lily,  tiger claw lily,  climbing lily

Nigerian names: ewe aje,  ewe akalamagbo (Yoruba)

 

Gardenia ternifolia image
13. Gardenia ternifolia

Family: Rubiaceae

Common names: powder-bark gardenia, mutara.

Nigerian names:

 

14. Flueggea virosa

Family: Euphorbiacease

Common names: white berry bush, wild bush weed.

Local Nigerian names: Itachen-gado, gwiiwaar karee Hausa), njisinta ( Igbo), Iranje (Yoruba).

 

15. Euphorbia kamerunica

Family: Euphorbiaceae

Common name: fence cactus

Nigeria names: garuru(Kanuri), abananya(Igbo), agondo(Tiv),

Oro(Yoruba)

 

16. Euphoria heterophylla

Family: Euphorbiaceae

Common names: fire plant, painted euphorbia, Japanese poinsettia, desert poinsettia, fire on the mountain, milkweed , kaliko plant.

Nigerian names: egele, egunjobi, akun esan (Yoruba), ozigban (Edo), noonon kurciyaa (Hausa), obuani, oba ala (Igbo).

17. Dialium guinense fruit

Family: Leguminosae

Common names: velvet tamarind, black tamarind, tumble tree, black timber.

Nigerian names: awin, igbaru (Yoruba), icheku (Igbo), tsamiyar kurm (Hausa).

 

18. Detarium microcarpum

Family: Fabaceae

Common names: sweet detar, sweet daltock, tallow tree.

Nigerian names: arira(Yoruba), gogoyi(Gwari), taura (Hausa).

 

19. Desmodium velutinum

Family: Papilionoidae

Common names: chit kiboota, latka (India)

Nigerian names: emo (Yoruba), EMA (Igala, Bassa Nge), danka (Hausa), Dafi (Damgere).

20. Datura stramonium

Family: Solanaceae

Common names: Jimson weed, devil’s weed, thorn apple, mad apple, angel’s trumpet.

Nigerian names: gegemu, apikan (Yoruba), zakami (Hausa), myaramuo ( Igbo).

 

21. Daniella oliveri

Family: Leguminosae

Common names: African copaiba balsam, West African copal, Ilorin balsam, Benin gum-copal, agbomi.

Nigerian names: iya (Yoruba), make (Hausa).

 

22. Cyperus haspan

Family: Cyperaceae

Common name: dwarf papyrus sedge

Nigerian names: ayaa-ayaa (Hausa).

23. Cymbopogon citratus

Family: Poaceae

Common names: lemon grass, oil grass, French citronelle, fausse citronelle

Nigerian names: eti (Edo), tsauri (Hausa), myoyaka oakara, achara ehi (Ibibio), akwukwo (Igbo), oko oba, tii (Yoruba).

 

24. Crotalaria retusa

Family: Leguminosae

Common names: devil-bean, rattle weed, shack-shack, wedge-leaf, rattle pod.

Nigerian names:

 

25. Citrullus colocynthis

Family: Cucurbitaceae

Common names: colocynth, bitter apple, bitter cucumber, desert gourd, vine of Sodom, hanzal.

Nigerian names: bara, egusi (Yoruba), kwartowa (Hausa), egwusi, elili (Igbo).

 

26. Croton penduliflorus

Family: Euphorbiaceae

Common names:

Nigerian names: aworoso (Yoruba).

 

27. Berlinia grandiflora

Family: Caesalpinoidae

Common names: kpendi, bois de rose (French)

Nigerian names: apado (Yoruba), dokar rafi (Hausa), baborochi (Nupe), ububa (Igbo).

 

28. Asparagus africanus Lam.

Family: Asparagaceae

Common names: African aficanus, white asparagus.

Nigerian names: Aluki (Yoruba), code (Hausa), fulan yollo (Zarma).

 

29. Acacia nilotica (L) Wills.Ex Delile.

Family: Fabaceae

Common names: gum Arabic, Egyptian mimosa, scorpion mimosa, acacia tannin

Nigerian names: baani, booni (Yoruba), bagaruwa (Hausa).

 

30. Amaranthus spinosus Linn.

Family: Amaranthaceae

Common names: spiny amaranth, prickly amaranth

Nigerian names: namijin gaasayaa, namijin zaaki banzaa (Hausa), inine ogwu, nnuno oku (Igbo), efo tete, tete egun, tete elegun (Yoruba).

 

31. Cochlospermum planchonii Hook.f.

Family: Cochlospermaceae

Common names:

Nigerian names: zunzunaa (Hausa), gombara (Nupe), awo owu, gbehutu, very (Yoruba).

 

32. Cnidoscolus aconitifolius (Mill.), I.M. Johnst.

Family: Euphorbiaceae

Common names: chaya, tree spinach, cabbage star, tread softly, hospital too far.

Nigerian names: efo iyanapaja

33. Cleome viscosa L.

Family: Capparaceae

Common names: tickleweed, wild mustard, spider plant

Nigerian names: eyazo (Nupe), Tafarnwakura (Hausa), ekuye, ekuya (Yoruba).

 

34. Casia/Senna Occidental is (Linn.), Link

Family: Fabaceae

Common names: coffee senna, septicweed, negro coffee, bana chakunda (India)

Nigerian names: ako rere (Yoruba), tafassaar masar (Hausa).

 

35. Casia/Senna alata Linn.

Family: Leguminosae

Common names: emperor’s candlestick, candle bush, Christmas candles, ringworm shrubs.

Nigerian names: asunwon (Yoruba), ogalu (Igbo).

 

36. Caesalpinia pulcherima (Linn.), SW.

Family: Caesalpinioideae

Common names: pride of Barbados, flower fence, red bird of paradise

Nigerian names:

 

37. Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.), Kurt

Family: Crassulaceae

Common names: life plant, miracle leaf, air plant, cathedral bells

Nigerian names: odaa opue (Igbo), abamoda, odundun (Yoruba), satura(Hausa).

 

38. Borassus aethiopum Mart.

Family: Arecaceae

Common names: African fan palm, African Palmyra palm, deleb palm, Ron palm, toddy palm, black rhun palm, elephant palm, borassus palm.

Nigerian names:

 

39. Basella alba L.

Family: Basellaceae
Common names: malabar spinach, Ceylon spinach, Indian spinach.
Nigeria names: amunututu, efo oyibo (Yoruba), gborongi (Igbo).

 

40. Arachis hypogaea L.

Family: Fabaceae

Common names: groundnut, goober, peanut

Nigerian names: epa (Yoruba), gedda (Hausa), okpamkpa (Igbo).

 

41. Martynia annual L.
41. Martynia annual fruit

Family: Martyniaceae

Common names: cat’s claw, tiger’s claw

Nigerian names: ekana asa (Yoruba).

 

42. Anogeissus leiocarpus (DC.) Guill. & Perr.

Family: Combretaceae

Common names: African birch, bambara, maure (Arabic)

Nigerian names: farin gamji, maarike (Hausa), atara (Igbo), ayin (Yoruba)

 

43. Annona senegalensis Pers.

Family: Annonaceae

Common names: wild custard apple

Nigerian names: gwandar daajii (Hausa), ukpokpo (Igala), anumgbere (Bassa Nge), uburu ocha (Igbo), ngonowu (Kanuri), abo (Yoruba).

 

44. Adansonia digitata L.

Family: Bombacaceae

Common names: baobab, monkey bread tree, sour gourd, cream of tartar tree

Nigerian names: kuka (Hausa), usi (Edo), ose (Yoruba), kalkuwa (Kanuri), obobo (Igala), ebobo (Bassa Nge).

 

45. Abrus precatorius L.

Family: Papilionoideae

Common names: crab’s eyes, bird’s eye, prayer beads, lucky bean, Indian liquorice, wild liquorice, jequirity

Nigerian names: ominsimisi, werenjeje, ojuologbo (Yoruba), idon zakara (Hausa)

 

46. Nauclea latifolia SM.

Family: Rubiaceae

Common names: African cinchona, African quinine, African peach, African pincushion

Nigerian names: egbesi, gberesi (Yoruba), ubulu inu (Igbo), tabasiya, marga (Hausa)

 

47. Newbouldia laevis Seem.

Family: Bignoniaceae

Common names: fertility tree

Nigerian names: ikhimi (Edo), aduruku (Hausa), itomo (Ibibio), ogilisi, ogirisi (Igbo), dinbere cin amile (Nupe), akoko (Yoruba).

 

48. Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC.
48. Mucuna pruriens pod

Family: Fabaceae

Common names: velvet bean, Bengal velvet, Florida velvet, Mauritius velvet bean, lacuna bean.

Nigerian names: werepe (Yoruba), agbala, agboloko (Igbo)

 

49. Morinda lucida Benth.

Family: Rubiaceae

Common names: Brimstone tree

Nigerian names: oruwo (Yoruba), eze-ogwu (Igbo)

 

50. Mimosa pigra L.

Family: Fabaceae

Common names: giant sensitive tree

Nigerian names: aluro (Yoruba)

 

51. Gmelina arborea Roxb.

Family: Labiatae

Common names: gmelina, gamari, gumbar

Nigerian names:

 

52. Loranthus sp

Family: Loranthaceae

Common name: mistletoe

Nigerian names: afomo (Yoruba).

 

53. Lippia multiflora Moldenke

Family: Verbenaceae

Common names: tea bush, Gambian tea bush

Nigerian names: efinrin gogoro, efinrin odan, efinrin oko (Yoruba), godon kada (Hausa)

 

54. Leucas martinicensis (Jacq.) R. Br.

Family: Lamiaceae

Common names: whitewort, gi-kunduru-kunduru, mondobalo

Nigerian names: dindikudi (Yoruba)

 

55. Kigelia Africans (Lam.) Benth. Fruit
55. Kigelia Africans (Lam.) Benth.

Family: Bignoniaceae

Common names: sausage tree

Nigerian names: ugbon-gbon (Edo), hantsar-giiwaa (Hausa), alamborogoda, oke ogirisi (Igbo), pandoro (Yoruba)

 

56. Jatropha gossypifolia L.

Family: Euphorbiaceae

Common names: bellyache bush, black physic nut, purging nut

Nigerian names: lapalapa pupa, botuje pupa (Yoruba), oruruebo (Edo), olulu idu, akimbogho (Igbo)

 

57. Jatropha curcas L.

Family: Euphorbiaceae

Common names: physic nut, Barbados nut, poison nut, purging nut

Nigerian names: lapalapa funfun, botuje, iyalode (Yoruba), oru-ebo (Edo), bii no da zuguu, cii ni dazuguu (Hausa), ocigbede (Idoma), owulu idu (Igbo), choyo (Bassa Nge).

 

58. Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.

Family: Convolvulaceae

Common names: sweet potato, Spanish potato

Nigerian names: iyan-ebo (Edo), ba-fadamee (Hausa), ji-oyibo (Igbo), anamo (Yoruba)

 

59. Cissus populnea Guill. & Perr.

Family: Vitaceae

Common names: oseille des pygmees (French)

Nigerian names: ogbolo (Yoruba), okoho(Idoma, Igbo), okofio (Igala), dafara, latutuwa (Hausa).

 

60. Hyptis suaveolensis (L.) Poit

Family: Labiatae

Common names: bush tea-bush

Nigerian names: arunfofo, jagbo (Yoruba)

 

61. Hymenocardia acida Tul.

Family: Euphorbiaceae

Common names: digbe (French)

Nigerian names: karagwehi (Gwari), jan itaacee (Hausa), ikalaga (Igbo), orupa(Yoruba), erukpa (Bassa Nge)

 

62. Momordica charantia L.

Family: Cucurbitaceae

Common names: African cucumber, balsam pear

Nigerian names: ejinrin, ejinrin wewe, akara aje (Yoruba), daddagu, garaafunii (Hausa), kakayi (Igbo).

 

Continue reading “COMMON MEDICINAL HERBS IMAGES BOTANICAL AND THEIR LOCAL NIGERIAN NAMES.” »

ACNE CAUSES AND TREATMENT

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Pimples technically called Acne vulgaris is the most common type of acne cause mostly by five main factors: excess sebum (oil) , hormones, dead cells, Propionibacterium acnes ( a bacteria that causes acne lives on the skin) and inflammatory response. Acne emergies from a point which requires 2_3 weeks to take a defined form of pimples. This process happens deep under your skin. Pores are little holes present on your skin. These pores are actually air follicles containing very fine hair. Each hair follicle is connected to a sebaceous gland. The sebaceous gland produces an oily substance called sebum. Sebum helps in keeping the skin soft. This sebum reduces the surface of the skin through the hair follicle. The hair follicle is lined cells called keratinocytes. Now , during puberty, a hormone present both in males and females increases. This sebum hair and keratinocytes fill and plug the hair follicle. Plugging of the follicle is the earliest sign of acne . Because the follicle is plugged, sebum can not reach the surface of the skin . This means that the follicles is filled with oil ( sebum) and cells ( keratinocytes) . A mixture of both these causes Propionibacterium acnes on the skin to grow in the plugged follicle. This bacteria in the plugged follicle, induces the white blood cells to attack it. When the white blood cell attacks, they cause the skin to inflame (swell) which is referred to as pimples or acne. In due course of time, the wall of the hair follicle break down spilling everything that is sebum, dead cell and bacteria on the nearby skin.

TREATMENT

Natural treatment involve prevention of the cause such as avoiding the use of body care products that contains excessive oil, eating healthy and natural foods especially rich fibre foods, avoiding pressing the pimples to prevent further spread. Many herbs has been scientifically proven to be effective for the treatment of pimples. Few examples are: tulsi leaves, neem leaves, castor oil, coconut oil, onion bulb, turmeric, etc. Most of the above herbs also contains antimicrobial properties .

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