Botanical name- Newbouldia laevis
Nigerian names- akoko (Yoruba), aduruku (Hausa), ogirisi (Igbo)
Newbouldia laevis is a shrub or small tree reaching 7_20m high. The plant has shiny dark green leaves and bears large showy terminal purple flowers. It is a familiar live-fence and boundary tree throughout its distribution. It is often grown as an ornamental and is easily cultivated by cuttings.o
Health Benefits o f Fertility
Fertility plant also called ‘tree of life’. A deoction of the leaf is taken by women to treat ferility problems. However, a higher dosage of the leaf decoction has a uterine contraction effect and traditional healers in Nigeria use it to facilitate labour. The young leaf can also be cooked with red oil drink during labour to facilitte easy delivery. A decoction of the leaf use as gargle in the mouth for 4_5 minutes continuously is use to treat dental caries.
The bark is stomachic and analgelsic. A decoction is used in the treatment of dysentry, diarrhoea, epilepsy, cough and convulsion. The pounded dried bark combine with Xylopia sp and other spices is taken inform of herbal tea to relieve dysmenorrhoea. A decoction of the bark, sieve is taken inform of an enema as a treatment for piles and constipation. Dried powdered of the bark combined with aligator pepper(Aframomum melegueta) is sniffed inform of snuff to treat migraine and sinusitis. The bark applied externally is use to cure wounds, ulcers and abscesses.
A decoction or ethanol extract of the root is used for the treatment of syphilis and intestinal problems such as worms. The decoction of the root is laxative and is use to treat constipation. The maceration of the root is effecive for the treatment of arthritis and rheumatic pains. The powdered root combine with chili pepper(Capsicum frutescens) are put into a carious tooth to treat toothache. The powdered dry root combine with root of Lopharia sp are infused inform of ointment and use to massage oedema ariving through dietary deficiency.
Decoction of the root and leaves are remedy for scrotal elephantiasis, fever and as an aphrodisiac.
Phytochemical constituents of Fertility tree
Alkaloids, flavonoid, steroids,saponins, glycosides, terpenoids, tannins.
Vitamin compoisition of fertility tree (Mg/100g)
Leaves- VitaminA (5.19), vitaminC (2.35), vitaminE (9.33).
Stem bark- vitaminA (3.01), vitaminC (1.05), vitaminE (4.08)
Mineral composition of fertility tree (Mg/100g)
Leaves- Mg (76.12), Fe (16.84), Se (3.08)
Stem bark- Mg (54.25), Fe (1.19), Se (0.29).
All parts of N. laevis is safe for both human and animal consumption.